Pigmentation describes a person’s skin tone. There are several different skin pigmentation problems, each of which can result in noticeable visual alterations to your skin tone. Melanin, the pigment responsible for your skin’s colour, is produced by skin cells.
Skin darkening due to hyperpigmentation is a medical disorder. This may manifest in localised areas or as a systemic condition affecting the entire body. Hyperpigmentation commonly manifests as age spots, also known as liver spots.
While pigmentation is typically harmless, it might occasionally indicate a more severe health issue. Your skin may darken if you use certain drugs. For most people, this is more of an aesthetic concern.
What causes skin pigmentation
The skin on your face, arms, and shoulders is probably the most at risk for UV exposure, which is the leading source of skin pigmentation. Additional reasons include:
- Some Pharmaceuticals, such as Chemotherapy Drugs
- Illnesses of the endocrine system, such as Addison’s
- Pregnancy hormones
- Skin irritation or trauma
- Insulin resistance
Skin Pigmentation Treatments
Treating pigmentation may entail addressing an underlying medical condition or discontinuing a medication. If you have tried home cures for pigmentation and have not been successful, several medical treatments are available. A few examples are as follows:
- Laser resurfacing
- Chemical peels
- Intense pulsed light (IPL)
Most people worry about skin pigmentation treatments for aesthetic reasons rather than for health reasons. Many people find success with natural solutions for pigmentation and lightening dark areas.
If you have concerns about your skin pigmentation or think your skin colouring may result from a medical problem or medication, you should consult your doctor.